In the summer season of 1991, the public for the very first time saw the speculative pilot airplane Il-102 (“OES”). The strike airplane was really similar to the IL-40, launched in the mid-1950s, yet never entered into serial production. The flight examinations of the IL-40 were efficiently completed in January 1955, and also its intro into production at the Rostov Aeronautics Plant began. Nevertheless, in 1956, all work was stopped because of the choice to abolish attack airplane. 5 practically finished airplane of the experimental series in the autumn of 1956 were dismantled for steel. At the end of the 1960s, airborne magazines, the relatively neglected word strike airplane flashed once more. The experience of the procedure and combat use fighter-bombers revealed that they are not able to replace armored flying storage tanks over the field of battle. Apparently, the first in the USSR began to establish a jet attack airplane in the OKB P.O.Sukhogo. Following him, employees of OKB S.V.Ilyushin signed up with the informal competitors to create a combat zone aircraft.
Numerous OKB participated in the stormtrooper job competitors held in June 1969. Yakovleva, that offered the Yak-25LSh task, A.I. Mikoyan (MiG-21LSH) as well as P.O.Sukhoi (T8). Consequently, the T8 as well as MiG-21LSh “passed” the competition, and it was decided to stop work on the Yak-25LSh and Il-42. Sukhoi started developing the T8 in 1969, making its first flight as the Su-25 6 years later. However, the advancement of the “Ilyushin” two-seat assault airplane was still continued under the management of G.V. Novozhilova on the campaign. Contrasted to the IL-42, the brand-new airplane, assigned IL-102, had a modified shape of the nose of the body with improved forward-down visibility, brand-new, a lot more effective engines, and considerably more powerful tools. The major difference in between the IL-102 and also the Su-25 was the 2nd cabin for the artilleryman. Obviously, this circumstance played one of the most adverse function in the destiny of the auto. The format of the IL-102 did not vary from the IL-40, yet it was a completely brand-new maker, in a manner of speaking, in the “retro” style. For the thirty years lying between them, excessive has transformed in the airplane market. Much more affordable turbojet engines, brand-new architectural products and also technological procedures appeared.
As well as theres no demand to discuss tools. There was not just a decrease in its weight, however also a development of the tasks to be resolved. Updated team rescue devices. The universal ejection seats K-36L for the pilot and K-36L-102 for the air artilleryman now accurately conserve in the whole series of speeds as well as altitudes, in addition to throughout vehicle parking. Upon a fast assessment of the IL-102, you can find that the layout of the major touchdown gear, which is withdrawed into the fairings under the wing, has actually altered, transforming versus the stream. This maximized room for added exterior tool mounts. The brand-new wind resistant layout of the wing permitted to abandon ridges on its surface area. The IL-102, like the previous Soviet “traditional” assault aircraft, received a strict defensive cannon mount. Work on the IL-102 program was instead slow-moving: the lack of funds and also the “semi-legal” standing of the airplane impacted it.
The leadership of the Ministry of Defense opposed the Ilyushin strike aircraft, considering its development an excessive dispersal of pressures in the visibility of a far more “advanced” T8 (Su-25) program. Nonetheless, by the beginning of 1982, the building of the model IL-102 was still completed. On January 20, the Air Force Commander-in-Chief P.S. Kutakhov, generally, sustained the service this airplane. Popular the IL-102 and also the Minister of Aeronautics Sector I.S. Silaev. Nonetheless, the placement of the Defense Ministry stayed negative. Moreover, Priest of Defense D.F. Ustinov categorically restricted G.V. Novozhilov “take part in amateur activity”. However OKB still remained to service the aircraft. For “conspiracy” it was offered the nonspecific name OES-1 (experimental pilot aircraft-1). It was decided to carry out flight examinations in the most “partisan” areas – in Belarus. The initial flight of the IL-102 happened on September 25, 1982. The airplane was piloted by the chief pilot of the Style Bureau, Honored Test Pilot S. G. Bliznyuk.